the archaeological and natural wealth of the area, Antalya is also
known as the Turkish Riviera. The sun, sea, nature and history combine
to form a very popular resort, highlighted by some of the cleanest
beaches in the Mediterranean. The 630km shoreline of the province is
liberally scattered with ancient cities, harbors, memorial tombs and
beaches, secluded coves and lush forests, many of which are easily
accessible from the city.
palm-lined boulevard, internationally-acclaimed marina, and old castle
with traditional architecture, all set amidst a modern city, Antalya
is a major tourist centre in Turkey. In addition to the wide selection
of hotels, restaurants, bars, nightclubs and shops, the city also
plays host to a number of sporting events throughout the year, like
International Beach Volleyball, triathlon, golf tournaments, archery,
tennis and canoeing competitions. The Cultural Centre, which opened in
1995, hosts cultural and art events in the fields of music, theatre,
and creative arts. The main area of interest in the city is central
old quarter within the Roman walls, known as Kaleici, and there are
many good museums.
The award-winning Antalya Kaleici Marina and Leisure
Center is considered one of the loveliest marinas in Turkey. This
center can well meet every tourist's need with its many souvenir
shops, friendly cafes and restaurants as well as yacht moorings and
services. Sail in the morning and enjoy the restful peace of the
marina in the afternoon. The old city walls, lit at night, lend an
atmosphere of serenity and timelessness. The Archaeological Museum,
with remains from the Paleolithic Age to Ottoman times, offers a
glimpse of the area's rich history.
Antalya also hosts various international fairs.
historical old city of Antalya known as Kaleici (the inner castle) is
surrounded by two walls, most of which have fallen down. The inner
wall encloses the harbour in a semicircle. As a result of restoration,
Kaleici has turned into a major tourist centre with guest-houses,
bars, shops and restaurants, and the Roman harbour has been turned
into a modern, well-equipped marina. As a result of the restoration
work, the Ministry of Tourism was awarded the Golden Apple (Tourism
Oscar) in April 1984 by FIJET.
in 1922 by Suleyman Fikri Erten and housed first in the Alaaddin
Mosque in the old city and then in the Yivli Minaret, the museum was
later moved to its current location 2 km further east. The museum
consists of 12 exhibition rooms and its gardens and open galleries. In
these halls the history of Antalya is given in chronological order,
starting with fossils, through the Stone and Bronze ages, then through
the classical and Hellenistic periods. There are mosaics, the Gallery
of the Gods, Phrygian ornaments, and a room with Christian art that
includes pieces of the skull and jawbone of St Nicholas, the original
Santa Claus. The ethnography section has a collection of Iznik
ceramics, household implements and weapons.
The City Walls
today are a few bastions inside the city as well as Hadrian's Gate and
its towers, the large tower facing the harbour and a few pieces of the
harbour walls. One of the walls surrounds the yacht harbour and the
other the city, almost like horseshoe. One of the remaining towers in
the Castle Gate Square is now used as a clock tower. There are four
gates in the city walls, which form entrances to the city.
The only city
gate to have survived until the present day is the most attractive of
the Pamphylia: Uckapilar (Three Gates), also known as Hadrian's Gate,
which is guarded by one tower on either side. Built to honour the
emperor Hadrian's visit to the city in 130 AD, the whole gate, except
for the columns, is made of pure white marble. The reliefs and
carvings are extraordinary.
Old Houses of Antalya
With its hot
summers and mild winters, the houses in Antalya are designed to
provide protection not against the chill of winter but against the
merciless heat of summer. The stone overhangs and courtyards help
provide air circulation. The houses in Antalya can be divided into
three types based upon the design of the main hall, which also serves
as a storage area. The three types are I halls, L halls and U halls.
In the design of these houses, great attention was paid to meeting the
necessities of daily life, while also providing harmony with nature
and the environment.
Mosques and Tombs
mosques in the area are Yivli Minaret Complex, Kesik Minaret Camii,
Bali Bey Camii, Muratpasa Camii, Iskele Camii, Karatay Medrese, and
Ahi Yusuf Camii and Tomb.
Kumluca and the
many coves between Antalya and Finike are home to some of the most
famous holiday resorts in Turkey, like Kemer, Camyuva, Belek, Cirali
and Adrasan. Closer to the city, Konyaalti is 3 km west of the city,
and Lara beach is 10 km east and well connected by dolmus.